Monday, 20 June 2011

Israeli Nurse and the hi-jack of British Methodism

An Israeli Nurse with good memories of the people called Methodist has written this biting critique of the disgraceful hijack of our good name by a grisly  bunch of  well known anti-Semites. It first appeared on the CIF Watch website and is reproduced here with permission:

Until this time last year, whenever I thought of Methodists, I thought of pressed blue flowers. The explanation behind that perhaps strange-sounding connection is that as a small  child in England I grew up with Methodist next-door neighbours and in 1961 they became the first people I knew who travelled to Israel after the country’s independence. When they returned, they gave me some tiny blue flowers which they had picked on the Mount of the Beatitudes and carefully pressed in their Bibles. At the time, I had never seen flowers like them and I still keep them, wrapped inside yellowed paper with Annie’s spidery handwriting on it: “A present from Galilee”.
Fifty years on, I can see the Mount of Beatitudes and its glorious array of spring flowers from my home. Unfortunately, since last year I can also see a different kind of Methodist to the ones I knew who not only respected their neighbours’ different faiths, but practised Interfaith relations before anyone had ever heard of the term by cultivating the common ground between themselves and others.

The octagonal Methodist Chapel, Heptonstall, UK
At the end of this month the Methodist Church will be holding its annual council in Southport. On the agenda is an update to the decision taken at last year’s conference to boycott Israeli goods from certain regions of the country.  The text of the paper to be presented can be seen by clicking on MC1165 on this list.  From that text one gathers that the Methodist Church appears for some inexplicable reason to have been rather surprised by the reactions to its boycott decision and that attempts have been made to contain the damage by engaging with the Board of Deputies of British Jews.
In this exchange of letters the current President of the Methodist council assures the BoD that her church “[u]nequivocally affirms the right of Israel to exist as an independent state and in security and peace alongside a Palestinian state” and “[a]bsolutely opposes antisemitism in all its forms”.  Those claims cannot be accepted as genuine so long as the Methodist Church continues to work with, promote and support people and organisations involved in the assault on Israel’s legitimacy with the ultimate aim of denying the Jewish people’s right to self-determination by bringing an end to the Jewish state.
Document MC1165 recommends to its church members a number of organisations as sources of valid information on the subject of the Israel/Arab conflict. One of those organisations is “Rediscovering Palestine” which includes among its members the Hamas and Muslim Brotherhood linked ‘Palestinian Return Centre’ which is outlawed by Israel. Other members include the non-transparently funded Palestine Solidarity Campaign, ICHAD, Friends of Birzeit (the university with the distinction of having produced numerous suicide bombers and PACBI), Friends of Sabeel UK which embraces Naim Ateek’s offensive supersessionism theology, and the AM Qattan Foundation which, among other things, funds an organisation named Al Shabaka which is involved in undermining the Palestinian Authority’s peace negotiations with Israel.
Also on the list is Christian Aid, and the radical NGO War on Want – who produced this Christmas cardwith a picture of Israeli soldiers conducting a body search of Joseph, and a pregnant Mary on a donkey, blocked on their way to Bethlehem:
Last but not least there is the Amos Trust which is also the organisation behind ‘Just Peace for Palestine (also promoted by the Methodist Church) which employs Ben White – author of the odious book ‘Israeli Apartheid – A Beginner’s Guide’. 
Ben White’s book also appears on the ‘Rediscovering Palestine’ recommended reading list on the subject of the conflict – as promoted by the Methodist Church. Unsurprisingly, most of the books there are virulently anti-Zionist and include works by Naim Ateek and other Sabeel activists such as Jean Zaru and Elias Chacour as well as many of its sympathisers such as Jeff Halper of ICHAD and Donald Wagner.   
Other authors included on the list are Ilan Pappe, Garth Hewitt of the Amos Trust, Shlomo Sand with his highly offensive and academically suspect The Invention of the Jewish People” and of course Amos Trust and Friends of Sabeel UK activist Stephen Sizer, who recently visited Malaysia as a guest of the Hamas supporting outfit ‘Viva Palestina’.
Should the Methodist Church’s endorsement of such extremist organisations and literature come as a shock? Indeed it would have once, but if one has read the report produced by its working party last year upon which the decision to engage in a boycott was based and noted the sources used in the compilation of that report, one would be aware that many of the above mentioned authors, along with other highly biased sources, form its backbone. That fact, of course, resulted in gross historic inaccuracy becoming the report’s most outstanding feature. That, in turn, ensured that rank and file Methodists were unable to make an informed decision on the subject.
But of course the Methodist working party did not produce such a biased and inaccurate report merely as a result of chance or bad luck; it was programmed to do so from its very inception. Its members were obliged in advance to “affirm that they are in agreement with previously stated Conference positions on the occupation”. Calls for a greater diversity of opinion among working party members were deemed unhelpful.
“Requests have been received that the group should be “balanced” and contain members who are not in agreement with Conference statements.  This is not believed to be a constructive approach given the remit of the group.”  
And so, a working party made up of people with remarkably homogenous opinions and guaranteed to come up with the ‘right’ result was formed. Its members and their qualifications for the task were described as follows:
  • Revd. Graham Carter (Chair) – former President of the Methodist Conference.
  • Revd. Alan Ashton – over 32 years experience of living there and visiting, with family living in the West Bank.
  • Revd. Warren Bardsley – returned accompanier with the Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel.
  • Dr. Elizabeth Harris – Senior Lecturer in Comparative Study of Religion, Hope University.
  • Steve Hucklesby – Policy Advisor, Joint Public Issues Team.
  • Revd. Nicola Jones – member of Friends of Sabeel and frequent traveller.
  • Revd. Marian Jones  – frequent traveller with contacts in Israel/Palestine.
  • Dr. Stephen Leah – Peace campaigner with contacts in the UK peace and justice community and in Israel/Palestine.
  • Revd. Sam McBratney – involvement in university programme with students from Gaza and Israel.
Predictably, the Methodist document makes no mention of the engagement of some of the above in reactionary politics or their associations with extremist organisations, but once those connections are clear, it is more than obvious that the Methodist Church has been steered by a committed group of activists into waters more coloured by politics than theology.
The motion to engage in a boycott of Israeli goods was proposed by Revd. Nichola Jones who is – as stated above – a long- time member of ‘Friends of Sabeel UK’. Like the leader of the parent organisation Sabeel, Naim Ateek, she appears to have jumped on board the supersessionism bandwagon. Whatever the theological arguments behind that, Methodists should be aware that not only is such theology deeply offensive to Jews, but that it is employed by Sabeel in order to promote anti-Zionism. At the 2010 conference Nichola Jones said ( at 73 mins): 
“In the Bible we learn of the Chosen People. Who are they and what were they chosen for? Genesis tells us again & again that God chooses Abraham and makes a covenant with Abraham & his heirs: a covenant being a two-sided agreement with obligations on both parties, like marriage……Of course, Israel today is not the same as Israel in the Bible: in the Bible, Israel refers to the people of Abraham’s descendants, who are in covenant with God. Israel today is a modern, secular state, created in 1948…….
For years I cherished the Galatian text…now I read it properly: ‘In Christ there is no longer male or female, slave or free, Jew or Greek (we could say Jew or Arab): we are all one in Christ.’ We are heirs of Abraham, and so inheritors of the promise of Abraham. Jesus, who makes with us a new covenant which transforms us utterly, never speaks of the land or owning it: he speaks of the Kingdom & joining it and invites us to do so. He teaches us God is not a racist God with favourites, but God loves all his children & blesses them
Nichola Jones attended the 2011 Sabeel Conference together with other members of the British Methodist Church including its President and Vice-President. Anyone who is aware of Sabeel’s record and its commitment to campaigning for a one-state ‘solution’ (i.e. the end of the Jewish state) should be deeply worried by the close co-operation between the two organizations.
The seconder of the BDS motion was Revd. Stephen Leah. He was rather disappointed that his church only agreed to boycott goods from certain areas in Israel.
“ I personally would like to have divestment going a little bit further into the full boycott of Israel, but I know how much I can get away with in the churches sometimes. [...] Churches are paranoid about being critical of Israel sometimes, they want to be balanced all the time, we must put pressure on church leaders.”
Of course that stance is perfectly understandable when one appreciates the fact that Leah is also the chairman of the York branch of the Palestine Solidarity Campaign. In his spare time he re-writes Christmas carols which are in turn promoted by Stephen Sizer at his Virginia Water church.
“O Little Town of Bethlehem
Imprisoned you now lie.
Above thy deep and silent grief,
Surveillance drones now fly.
And through thy old streets standeth,
A huge illegal Wall.
The hopes and dreams that peace will come
Are dashed in this year’s Fall.”
Another member of the working party with PSC connections is Revd. Warren Bardsley who has appeared as a speaker for the PSC promoting the Kairos Document as well as organizing demonstrations on behalf of the PSC West Midlands branch and meetings for Action Palestine. Bardsley is also the Midlands representative for ‘Friends of Sabeel UK’.
Revd. Alan Ashton makes no secret about his support for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions, having signed up (along with Stephen Leah, Marian Jones and Warren Bardsley) to this campaign – complete with Tim Biles’ infamous fake maps of so-called ‘land grab’ which were also used in the working party’s report.
Dr Elizabeth Harris is probably best remembered for her more than unfortunate remarks relating to a visit to Yad Vashem, which were made in a section her paper entitled “Jewish perspectives” under the sub-heading “An ethos of victimhood”. The document later had to be removed from the Methodist website.
“A pilgrimage through the exhibition rooms of the Centre, which bring home both the horror of the Holocaust and the vigour of Jewish resistance, brings you out in the open air, overlooking the beauty of Jerusalem. This perspective is transmitted to young Israelis through visits to Yad Vashem organised by schools and other groups. When I visited the Centre with a group from Britain, I noticed that many visitors were not of European Jewish descent. As Michael Ipgrave, then Secretary of the Churches’ Commission for Inter Faith Relations, wrote in his report of the visit: ‘The Holocaust has come to serve as a national story embracing also Oriental Jews for whom this was not part of their family history.’ Peace groups in Israel have to work against this backdrop.” (emphasis added)
Dr. Harris then went on to claim that “[w]hat is given at Yad Vashem is an interpretation of history” and that “[c]ollective memory of the Holocaust also feeds into an ethos of victimhood within the Jewish community”. Beyond the obvious fact that only a couple of generations ago two-thirds of European Jewry were indeed victims of the most extreme kind of European antisemitism and few families in Israel are untouched by that fact in one way or another, one cannot but also wonder how Harris became such an expert on Jewish group psychology and mark the deep contrast between her lack of sympathy for the biggest tragedy the Jewish nation has known to her 2006 statement on the subject of the Mohammed cartoons in which she stressed “the responsibility to draw back from causing deliberate provocation or offence”.  
Steve Hucklesby has been issuing statements on behalf of the Methodist Church for several years in his capacity as Secretary for International Affairs. Many of them show a profound lack of understanding of the situation in the Middle East and yet despite that he is listed as one of the church’s ‘experts’ on Israel. Here, for example, he makes uninformed and irresponsible statements on the subject of the Gaza blockade, failing to recognize that humanitarian aid has been transported daily into Gaza unless terror attacks on the crossings made that impossible. Here he is voicing his opinions on the 2006 Lebanon war, when the Methodist Church was apparently very worried about the plight of Lebanese children but found nothing to say about Israeli ones bombarded by over 4,000 Hizbollah missiles.
Earlier this year, Hucklesby organized and participated in a visit to ‘Israel/Palestine’ together with the President and Vice-president of the Methodist Church. As can be seen from their blogposts, there was significantly more ‘Palestine’ than ‘Israel’ in the tour and the few Israelis they did meet seemed to be mostly of the far-Left variety such as ICHAD and Rabbis for Human Rights. The trip was rounded off with a visit to the Sabeel Conference and a chat with the British Consul in Jerusalem who recently attended the Bil’in conference together with the proscribed terror organization the PFLP and the DFLP.  Apparently, the Methodist dignitaries felt no need to meet up with mainstream Israelis, let alone the people whose livelihoods they are attempting to harm with their boycott, which just goes to show that convictions do not always go together with courage.
Hucklesby also blogged individually about the trip and in a post about Hevron, his apparently uncontrollable bias oozes from practically every sentence but even so, it takes considerable effort to revise history to the extent which he achieves.
“We arrive at the Ibrahimi Mosque (the Tomb of the Patriarchs) a site that is holy to both Muslims and Jews.  In 1994 a Jewish settler shot 29 Palestinians dead while they prayed. Following that act, Israeli authorities turned one-third of the Mosque into a synagogue.”
Working party member Sam McBratney also visited the region in 2008 for the first time. Unlike his colleagues above, he did spend some time in Israel, but appears to have found little Christian tolerance in his heart for the local way of life.
“Why is it, for example, that pedestrians are treated so badly in this country? Again and again, walking along minding my own business, the pavement suddenly disappeared altogether. Or worse still, drivers feel no compunction at mounting the pavement and parking right across the walkway. Don’t ever daydream in Israel or the chances are you’ll be mowed down by a bloody scooter weaving its way along the PAVEMENT – what part of footpath don’t they understand?
Maybe it’s a state secret or part of the security operation but would it kill someone to put bus routes on a piece of paper and make it widely available? What do they call those things? Oh, I know, a MAP! Negotiating buses and fares is nightmarish to say the least. So, of course, that makes tourists reliant on taxis. Plenty to choose from, sadly it seems, most drivers are out to fleece you.” 
Obviously nobody told Revd. McBratney that Israel is a nation which is technologically at least on a par with his native country and that we have a dandy little thing here called ‘the internet’ – accessible from the laptop he obviously had with him – where bus timetables are readily available.   
The members of the Methodist working group on Israel/Palestine are obviously not unintelligent people and yet it is quite difficult to believe that mature adults could be so gullible as to accept every politically motivated distortion and fabrication they are fed as being gospel truth. But unfortunately the holders of extremist ideologies often have a tendency to picture the world in neat compartments of good and bad, black and white.
Sadly for the Methodist Church, it is apparently being led and coerced by such blindly partisan adherents to extremist political ideologies at present. It is this fact which made the adoption of the boycott motion inevitable last year and it is this fact which will have to be addressed by the rank and file members of the Methodist Church if they wish to return to the values of their faith rather than being tools in the hands of a small group of extremist political activists. 

Sunday, 5 June 2011

The kingdom anointing - power for service

Guest contributor the Reverend John Bedford asks some questions about healing and comes back with some inspiring and encouraging answers: 

Sometimes it is helpful to ask the Bible questions – like, “Why did Jesus not heal the sick or cast out demons until he was about 30 years old?”   

The answer may surprise some people, because it is quite simple, I would suggest, he could not heal the sick because he did not yet have the power, or the gifts of the Spirit that came through the anointing, which came upon him at his water Baptism when he was about thirty years of age. See Luke 3:22, 4:1, 4:14, Acts 10:38

Jesus did not heal the sick because he was Divine but because he was a man, the Son of Man, anointed with the Holy Spirit and with Power.  Jesus of Nazareth, the carpenter man.

Before we explore the Anointing, let us look at the work of the Holy Spirit in the Life of Jesus, and discover a pattern for our own lives.

1.  Was Jesus born of the Holy Spirit?  -  Yes, read Luke 1:35
“The Holy Spirit will come upon you”… the angel said to Mary.
2.  Did Jesus have a Divine Nature?   - Yes,   Luke 1:35
“The Holy One to be born – will be called the Son of God.”
3.  Did Jesus live a perfect life and demonstrate all the fruits of the Spirit?  -  Yes  Luke 1:32
“The Holy One, - Son of the Most High” – “He will reign.”
“Which of you accuses me of sin ?”  -  John 8:46
His perfection guarantees our salvation, -   Hebrews 5:8-9

So now let us compare our spiritual journey with that of Jesus.
1.  Do I have to be born of the Spirit?  -  Yes,   read John 3: 5 – 8
“You must be born again…. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.
2.  Do I become the partaker of a Divine Nature?  -  Yes,   2 Peter 1:4
“You may partake of the Divine Nature and escape the corruption in the world.”
3.  Am I expected to live like Jesus and grow the fruits of the Spirit. ?  -  Yes, Galatians 5:22
“The fruit of the Spirit is Love, Joy, Peace, Patience…..”
“Since we live in the Spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit,”  5:25

So our spiritual journey is the same as that of Jesus – we are born again of the Holy Spirit, become partakers of the Divine Nature and manifest the fruits of the Holy Spirit.

But what about the Anointing of Jesus ?    Acts 10:38 makes it clear that Jesus, the Son of Man – the human being we call, the Carpenter from Nazareth, who lived down the road, God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with Power.
1.  Was Jesus Anointed with the Holy Spirit ?  -  Yes – Acts 10:38, Luke 3:22, Luke 4 :18.
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because He has anointed me to…. preach, deliver heal. ”
2.  Did Jesus receive Power to Minister? -  Yes,    Luke 4:1, 4 :14,  4:36.
“Jesus returned to Galilee in the Power of the Spirit”
“With authority and power he gives orders to the evil spirits and they come out.”
“Laying hands on each one of them he healed them.”    Luke 4:40
3.Did Jesus as the anointed Son of Man us the Gifts of the Holy Spirit?  -  Yes Luke 5 :17-26
In the healing of the Paralytic man….He used the gift of the Word of Knowledge
“Friend your sins are forgiven“, Knowing that guilt was the root of the man’s problem.

The Gift of Discernment… to know what they were thinking?

Then the Gifts of Prophecy and faith and healing….

Now let us compare the second phase of our spiritual journey with that of Jesus.

1.  Do I need to be anointed with the Holy Spirit and Power. -  Yes   Luke 3:16
“He will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with Fire.”
Notice Anointing and Baptism are used for the same experience.
“Stay in Jerusalem until you have been “clothed” with Power from on High.” Luke 24:49, Acts1:8
This was true for the Disciples in Jerusalem,  Acts 2:4, it was also necessary for the
Samaritans in Acts 8 v 14 – 17
“Peter and John came from Jerusalem and laid hands on them to receive the Holy Spirit.”
They had already believed the Word and been baptised in water. Acts 8:12.

This was also necessary for the Gentile believers, like Cornelius and his family as they heard the Gospel.  Acts 10: 44 – 46.  They had their own day of Salvation and Pentecost. It was also true for the Gentiles at Ephesus  Acts 19:4 – 6.   Those receiving the Spirit, usually used some gift of the Holy Spirit, like Tongues or Prophecy, when the Holy Spirit cam upon them.

2.  Will I receive Power to serve Jesus in the fulfilment of His calling on my life ?  -  Yes you will.
“You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you.”  Acts 1:8
“Signs and Wonders were done by the Apostles  Acts 2:43, and by Stephen, & Philip & Paul
who were not of the 12 Apostles but called and anointed ordinary men.
We are all called to heal the sick and testify to the King and His Kingdom.  Luke 10:9,17
3.  Can I receive and use the gifts of the Holy Spirit like Jesus and the Apostles did.” Yes, you can.
“For we were all baptised by one Spirit into one body…and were given the One Spirit to drink.”
Read through 1 Corinthians 12,    “There are different kinds of Gifts but the One Spirit.  1 Cor 12: 4 – 6.  “Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given.”  1 Corinthians 12 :7 – 11

The Apostles used the Gifts of the Spirit in their Ministry, just like Jesus did in his Ministry.
In Acts 3, Peter heals the man lame from birth.  He uses the….

Gift of Discernment -  Look at us… and he “sees” the man has faith to be healed.

The Gift of Faith… what I have I give you.

The Gift of Prophecy… to speak it out before it happens.

The Gift of Healing…I give you in the Name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth.

Nothing was apparently happening so Peter uses the

Gift of Wisdom… he took him by the right hand, and lifted him up, then came the

Gift of Miracles… the man’s feet and ankles became strong…a miracle, he had never walked.
                                 and his brain had never learned, for him to be able to walk.

So we disciples of Jesus can and should be Anointed with the Holy Spirit and with Power to minister and use the gifts of the Holy Spirit to encourage, to heal and deliver people from the enemies control, and destroy the works of the devil, sin, sickness, spirits, & death. 1 John 3 v 8

         So it becomes clear every Christian needs to experience these two works of the Holy Spirit.

1.                       We need to be born again of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit in us, and become partakers of the Divine Nature and Live like Jesus, manifesting the Fruits of the Holy Spirit.

2.                       We need to be anointed with the Holy Spirit, receiving his Power, as he comes upon us. (He is already in us, because we have been born again.)  He will give us power to heal and deliver the captives and receive and use all the gifts of the Spirit as we need them.  We are then to do what Jesus did and even greater things.     John  14:12

Then we can fulfil the commission of Jesus……Luke 9 & Luke 10……
“As the Father sent me, so I am sending you.”  So let’s eagerly seek Jesus for His Anointing and then go and do what he said to do…. 

            That His Kingdom may come and His will be done…
“In the Power of His Holy Spirit.”                                                                          

Sunday, 27 February 2011

Navigating the internet dating sites

One of my friends recently turned 40 and turned to internet dating in the hope of finding that elusive lifetime partner. She has written up her experience of navigating internet dating. Meanwhile if there are any good single Methodist men out there who would like an introduction, let me know.  Here is her contribution to the guest blog:

I don't know what the general consensus is out there with regards to internet dating.  I mean I know a number of people who have successfully met their “soulmates” through dating sites and on paper, it does all seem a very logical decision to make, almost like an arranged marriage in some ways.  You get to choose who to date on the basis of common and shared interests, what their job prospects are, where they come from, age, look etc.  What's not to like?  

I've been on a couple of dating sites myself at various points in my life and on initially signing up, threw myself with gusto into the whole thing.  I even went so far as meeting one guy many years ago and although nothing ever occurred between us, we are friends today, albeit long distance, sporadic ones.  He was really quite beautiful however had a penchant towards gorgeous Eastern European women, neither of which criteria I met.  It also turned out he'd got a couple of said ladies in the family way so friendship was definitely the only thing on my agenda. 

However three broken relationships later and having also turned 40 last year, I toyed with the idea of dabbling with the whole thing once more.  This was also at the insistence of one particular friend who had a very successful experience with eHarmony.  One year on, he and his lovely lady are not only living together in urban bliss, they're also expecting a baby this year.  That said, he did give the whole internet dating experience a whole new meaning.  Try several times before you buy definitely springs to mind and he certainly kissed more than his fair share of ummm, what's the term for a female frog? 

So very reluctantly and very grudgingly I signed up with eHarmony, sold on the idea of their "patented matching system....developed after extensive research into marital satisfaction", thinking with a small pinprick of excitement, that my "perfect partner" could be out there somewhere.  I answered every question as honestly as I could and even said I was willing to look at men up to 150 miles away, in fact I was flexibility personified.  More than 200 questions and probably more than two hours later, I sat back waiting for all my matches.  Only to be told:

"We're very sorry, but our matching system cannot predict good matches for you"

I'm sorry, what?

And then went on to say:

"Unfortunately, based on responses to our questionnaire, we occasionally find situations where our matching system cannot identify high quality compatible matches, and this has happened in your case. Please understand that it is a result of our matching process and in no way reflects on you as a person or your ability to be in a happy relationship".

Well why not shoot me now!  I may as well give up on my whole sad, miserable existence right now!  Believe me had I been prone to jumping, I may have gone overboard without a second thought.  I mean I was admittedly a bit nervous about being rejected by some likely or even unlikely suitors, but not an entire website!  

 As a consolation prize however, they very kindly offered me a "free Personality Profile" report.  Now some of you might be thinking what the hell is wrong with this woman?  Is she that unaesthetically pleasing that no-one unless they were blind, deaf and/or blind drunk would touch her with a barge pole?  Has she set her expectations on the Premier Division when she would in fact barely make League Two?  Is she that emotionally scarred that she is a complete basket case and again no-one unless they were blind, deaf and/or blind drunk would touch her with said barge pole?  I can see what is running through all your minds.  Well, let me put you straight.  While I may not be Elle Macpherson, I have had my fair share of George Clooney types out there let me tell you.  And I’ve been known to have a couple of relationships that have exceeded the five year mark. 

So I open my free personality profile and according to eHarmony, I am agreeable and open, focused and flexible, emotionally steady, have the right mix of outgoing and reserved, the list goes on.  I kid you not, there is not one single negative in there.  

So what am I to make of this?  If I am such a well rounded person as this profile suggests, does this mean that all the men on there are psychotic, deranged halfwits? 

So what is this moral to the story?  Do websites have a certain moral obligation to their members?  Well I don't know about that but I've since decided to let fate take its natural course.  I’ll let you know how I get on.    

Copyright material SJD.All rights reserved.2011